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Ammo Information


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Shot Table |  | Shot Size Graphic | Lead Pellet Count | DRAM Equiv. | Common Chokes | Suggested Ammo

Shot Size Table*

LEAD SHOT

  Shot number        diameter (inches)          diameter (mm)   approx no. of 
pellets in 1 oz.
_______________|_____________________|________________|_________________
| | |
000 BUCK | .36 | 9.14 | 6.2
| | |
00 BUCK | .33 | 8.38 | 8
| | |
0 BUCK | .32 | 8.13 | 9
| | |
1 BUCK | .30 | 7.62 | 11
| | |
2 BUCK | .27 | 6.86 | 15
| | |
3 BUCK | .25 | 6.35 | 19
| | |
4 BUCK | .24 | 6.10 | 21
| | |
BB | .18 | 4.57 | 50
| | |
2 | .148 | 3.76 | 90
| | |
4 | .129 | 3.28 | 135
| | |
5 | .120 | 3.05 | 170
| | |
6 | .109 | 2.77 | 225
| | |
7.5 | .094 | 2.39 | 350
| | |
8 | .089 | 2.26 | 410
| | |
8.5 | .085 | 2.16 | 470
| | |
9 | .079 | 2.01 | 585
| | |
12 | .05 | 1.3 | 2300
_______________|_____________________|________________|_________________
Shot number | diameter (inches) | diameter (mm) | no. of pellets
| | | in 1 oz.
_______________|_____________________|________________|_________________
| | |
F | .22 | 5.59 | 40
| | |
T | .20 | 5.08 | 53
| | |
BBB | .19 | 4.83 | 61
| | |
BB | .18 | 4.57 | 72
| | |
1 | .16 | 2.79 | 103
| | |
2 | .15 | 3.05 | 125
| | |
3 | .14 | 3.30 | 154
| | |
4 | .13 | 3.56 | 191
| | |
5 | .12 | 3.81 | 244
| | |
6 | .11 | 2.79 | 317
| | |
7 | .10 | 2.54 | 422
_______________|_____________________|________________|_________________
*source: Winchester Reloading Guide
NRA Firearms Fact Book

 Shot Size Graphic
shot_sizes.jpg (45304 bytes)

 

 

SIZE #

9

8-1/2

8

7-1/2

6

5

4

3

2

1

BB

BBB

T

#4

00

DIA. IN

.08

.085

.09

.095

.11

.12

.13

.14

.15

.16

.18

.19

.20

.24

.33

DIA. MM

2.03

2.16

2.29

2.41

2.79

3.05

3.30

3.56

3.81

4.06

4.57

4.83

5.08

6.10

8.38


Lead Pellets in Various Loads 

Lead Pellets

9

8-1/2

8

7-1/2

6

5

4

1 oz.

585

480

409

345

232

172

136

1 1/8 oz.

658

540

460

388

251

194

153

1 1/4 oz.

731

600

511

431

276

215

170

1 3/8 oz.

804

660

562

474

307

237

187

1 3/4 oz.

-

-

-

-

395

304

239

DRAM Equivalents

Gauge Shot Oz. Velocity fps. Drams Equivalent
10 - 3-1/2"   2 1210 4-1/4
10 - 3-1/2" 2-1/4 1210 4-1/2
12 - 2-3/4" 1 1180 2-3/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1 1290 3-1/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1145 2-3/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1200 3
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1255 3-1/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1300 3-1/2
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/4 1220 3-1/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/4 1330 3-3/4
12 - 2-3/4" 1-1/2 1260 3-3/4
12 - 3" 1-3/8 1295 3-3/4
12 - 3" 1-5/8 1280 4
12 - 3" 1-7/8 1210 4
16 - 2-3/4" 1 1165 2-1/2
16 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1185 2-3/4
16 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1240 3
16 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1295 3-1/4
16 - 2-3/4" 1-1/4 1260 3-1/4
20 - 2-3/4" 7/8 1210 2-1/2
20 - 2-3/4" 1 1165 2-1/2
20 - 2-3/4" 1 1220 2-3/4
20 - 2-3/4" 1-1/8 1175 2-3/4
20 - 3" 1-3/16 1195 3-1/2
20 - 3" 1-1/4 1185 3
28 - 2-3/4" 3/4 1200 2
28 - 2-3/4" 3/4 1295 2-1/4


Game

Suggested
Shot Size

Suggested
Chokes

What Experienced Shotgunners Say...

Ducks

BB, 1,
2, 3 *

Modified--for pass shooting
Improved Cylinder--over decoys
Use BB shot for long range and pass shooting. For normal range--No. 1 or No. 2 shot while some hunters use No. 3 shot for closer range shooting over decoys.
Geese

T, BBB,
BB, 1 *

Modified Goose hunters need wallop so they use the big loads with large shot. Many hunters prefer No. 1 shot for a denser pattern at shorter ranges over decoys.
Pheasants

5, 6, 7½

Improved Cylinder--for close cover
Modified or Full--for long cornfield shots
For cornfield shooting where long shots are usual - better use No. 5. On a normal rise over dogs and for all around use, No. 6 is the favorite.
Grouse or Partridge

5, 6,
7½, 8

Improved Cylinder or Modified--for brush work
Full--for open ranges
On the smaller birds such as ruffed grouse or Hungarian Partridge, use the smaller shot. The big western grouse (sage, sooty, and blue) call for heavier loads and larger shot.
Quail

7½, 8, 9

Cylinder
Improved Cylinder
Modified
For early season shooting on bobwhites when feathers are light, some hunters use No. 9 shot. Later they switch to No. 7½ or 8. On the running or wild flushing type of quail, such as the Gambel's, large shot is sometimes used.
Doves and Pigeons

6, 7½,
8, 9

Modified
Improved Cylinder
Use lighter loads and No. 7½ or No. 8 shot on mourning doves at normal ranges --for longer ranges use the heavy loads and No. 6 or No. 7½. Use the same load on band tailed pigeons and white wings.
Woodcock

7½, 8, 9

Improved Cylinder
Modified
The choice of shot size here will depend on ranges at which the game is shot. For fast shooting in the alder thickets, No. 8 shot is a good choice.
Turkey

BB*, 2*, 4,
5, 6, 7½

*check local game laws

Full Choice of shot size depends on the range. If you're a good caller, No. 6 or No. 7½ shots makes a clean kill. BBs, No. 2s, 4s, 5s, are best for long shots.
Trap

7½, 8

Full or Modified In most cases, No. 7½ is used for trap. Check the Official Rulebook.
Skeet

8, 9

Skeet Choke
Improved Cylinder
In most cases, No. 9 is used for skeet, check the Official Rulebook.
Sporting Clays

7½, 8, 9

Any choke (Depends on practice desired) For targets at close range use a more open choke, at longer distances tighten the chokes.

*Source: Benelli Ammunition and Choke Suggestions


Common Chokes & Bores

Common Choke Restrictions Shotgun bore diameters
.000 restriction - cylinder
.005 restriction - skeet
.010 restriction - improved cylinder
.015 restriction - light modified
.020 restriction - modified
.025 restriction - improved modified
.030 restriction - light full
.035 restriction - full
.040 restriction - extra full
10 gauge = .775 inches
12 gauge = .729 inches
16 gauge = .662 inches
20 gauge = .615 inches
28 gauge = .550 inches


Typical Shot Spread Per Choke

Choke Yards
  10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Full 10" 15" 20" 25" 30" 35" 40" 45" 50"
Mod. 15" 20" 25" 30" 35" 40" 45" 50"  
I/C 20" 25" 30" 35" 40" 45" 50"    
Cylinder 25" 30" 35" 40" 45" 50"      


Archive:
What Shotgun to Use
High Brass, Low Brass, and Shell Length
Shot size table
B&P Sporting and Competion 2000

 

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