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 Post subject: U.S. Single Barrel Shotgun Identification
PostPosted: Thu Dec 08, 2016 6:45 pm 
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Location: AZ but dreaming of KS
Identification of pre-WWI single barrel shotguns is complicated by the evolution of models and design, and the hundreds of tradenames associated with guns by Crescent, J. Stevens, and others.
Good examples of the difficulty in establishing ID
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=434320&start=60
and
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=308330&start=60

A list of tradenames may be found here:
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id ... GIhfguSXXQ
and by Joseph Vorisek. Please note that patent dates may also be used to ID the gunmaker.
http://www.cornellpubs.com/free-files/S ... rtrait.pdf

Particular attention should be given to:
1. The shape of the receiver; straight or sculpted.
2. The shape of the rear of the receiver; straight, curved or rebated.
3. The number and position of the pins and screws in the receiver.
4. Presence and style of take down levers, screws or pins.

Barrels are commonly marked with a steel name:
1. Crescent and A.J. Aubrey used "Armory Steel"
2. J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co. No. 105, 107 & 115 singles were listed with “Electro Steel” in 1901; post-1916 No. 105 had “Compressed Forged Steel”. The No. 165 singles in 1912 also had “Electro Steel”.
In 1902 the No. 180 hammerless single had “Special Pyro-Electro Steel”.
The No. 85 single Extra Heavy Breech “Dreadnaught” in the 1913 catalog was listed with “Compressed Forged Steel” as was the No. 330 1923 through 1930.
3. Harrington & Richardson (courtesy of David Noreen)
Model 1905 single barrel was available with “Plain Steel” or Twist
Model 1908 listed only “Steel Barrel”
Model 1915 was again “Plain Steel”
“Heavy Breech Model of 1915” listed “Special Blued Steel”.
4. W.H. Davenport listing in the c. 1904 Supplee Hdw. catalog:
“Elite Heavy Target” - “Armour Steel”
“Acme Single Barrel” - “Nickel and Case Hardened Blued Steel”
“Great American Nitro Single Barrel Gun” - “Special Nitro Barrels”
5. In 1901 and after the Iver Johnson Champion single was listed with “Hammer Forged Carbon Steel”.

Researcher has a valuable collection of Stevens and Remington catalog pages, and has a very helpful tutorial here
http://www.doublegunshop.com/forums/ubb ... 1&page=all

and information regarding early .410/12mm single barrel shotguns and shells
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=367775

1898 Andrew Fyrberg for Sears

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1902 Crescent (top and note "Bored for Nitro Powder") and Forehand (bottom)

Image

Crescent Victor

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1901 Iver Johnson Champion

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Richard Baxter (1615-1691), Directions Against Covetousness
"Be more careful to use what you have, than to get more."

Kingsley Brown "Shoot more, shop less."


Last edited by Drew Hause on Mon Mar 06, 2017 5:19 pm, edited 14 times in total.

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 Post subject: Re: U.S. Single Barrel Shotgun Identification
PostPosted: Thu Dec 08, 2016 6:50 pm 
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Posts: 1191
Location: AZ but dreaming of KS
1904 Stevens Nos. 180, 105/107, 115, 160/165/170 courtesy of David Noreen

Image

Stevens No. 180. Straight receiver

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Stevens Nos. 105 & 107 (ejector) Sculpted frame and rebated rear of the receiver

Image

Hopkins & Allen Manufacturing Co. was in business 1868-1898 and produced falling block single barrel shotguns. The enterprise became Hopkins & Allen Arms Co. 1898-1914 and introduced "tip-up" single barrel shotguns in 1902 after acquiring Forehand Arms; with a distinctive barrel take down lever and drop point receiver. The "New Model" single had a rounded receiver with the same take down lever.
Barrels were usually marked "Choke Bored".
https://www.amazon.com/shotguns-Hopkins ... 0967988616

Image

1904 Davenport. W.H. Davenport Fire Arms Co. of Norwich Conn. was purchased by the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co. in 1905. Hopkins & Allen acquired the “Bay State” tradename in 1909, but it was also used by Harrington & Richardson on their Model 1915.
Davenport information at the bottom here
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id ... GIhfguSXXQ

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1911 Davenport design Hopkins & Allen

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1905 Worchester (Harrington & Richardson), Hopkins & Allen Forehand, Model 1900 Harrington & Richardson (made 1901-1916).

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H&R information
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=221413&start=20

The H & R Model 1900 (large frame) and Model 1905 (small frame) had the removable hinge pin. The Model 1908 (large frame) and Model 1915 (small frame) were essentially the same guns, and used a "snap on" forend.

Image

The Model 1908 was chambered for 12, 16, 20, 24 & 28 gauges (both discontinued 1923). The First Variation (1909-1921) had a 2 1/2" chamber and a short forearm. The Second Variation (1922-1930) had a 2 3/4" chamber and long, slim fore-end. The Third Variation (1925-1942) added the .410 bore. The Fourth Variation(1931-1942) had a wider fore-end and was known as the No.8 Standard and "STANDARD" was marked on the left side of the frame.
The small frame H & R Model 1915 was chambered for 24 & 28 gauge and .410 bore (2 1/2")

1908 A.J. Aubrey

Image

_________________
http://sites.google.com/a/damascusknowl ... m/www/home

Richard Baxter (1615-1691), Directions Against Covetousness
"Be more careful to use what you have, than to get more."

Kingsley Brown "Shoot more, shop less."


Last edited by Drew Hause on Sun Dec 11, 2016 6:09 pm, edited 19 times in total.

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 Post subject: Re: U.S. Single Barrel Shotgun Identification
PostPosted: Thu Dec 08, 2016 9:30 pm 
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Location: AZ but dreaming of KS
And a collection of early single barrel trap guns here
http://www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24684834

Including the Crescent "New Trap"

Image

Davenport 8g "Elite Heavy Target"

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Stevens No. 183 "Trap Shooter's Fancy" courtesy of David Noreen

Image

_________________
http://sites.google.com/a/damascusknowl ... m/www/home

Richard Baxter (1615-1691), Directions Against Covetousness
"Be more careful to use what you have, than to get more."

Kingsley Brown "Shoot more, shop less."


Last edited by Drew Hause on Fri Dec 09, 2016 5:18 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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 Post subject: Re: U.S. Single Barrel Shotgun Identification
PostPosted: Fri Dec 09, 2016 11:40 am 
Diamond Grade
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Joined: Thu Jan 27, 2011 3:35 pm
Posts: 1191
Location: AZ but dreaming of KS
There are a number of gentlemen here able and willing to help, but you must do your part by accurately describing the gun and any words/marks on the action and barrels. It is imperative that you post high resolution, full size, close-up images of the action/receiver and EVERY mark.

One of the many image hosting sites is http://photobucket.com/
Instructions for posting are here
viewtopic.php?f=28&t=172986

PLEASE start a new thread if you have questions about your single barrel shotgun.

_________________
http://sites.google.com/a/damascusknowl ... m/www/home

Richard Baxter (1615-1691), Directions Against Covetousness
"Be more careful to use what you have, than to get more."

Kingsley Brown "Shoot more, shop less."


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 Post subject: Re: U.S. Single Barrel Shotgun Identification
PostPosted: Fri Jan 13, 2017 1:23 pm 
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Joined: Wed Nov 25, 2009 3:54 pm
Posts: 503
Good stuff, Drew!

I would add this about Davenport shotguns: the later, break-open singles built by the WH Davenport Arms Co. had locking bolts that traveled back in a straight line when disengaging the barrel lug, unlike many other singles of that era which used pivoting locking bolts(though the 'Old Model' or "squareback" Iver Johnson Champions also used a non-pivoting bolt). Those Davenport singles also had a screw through the fore-end iron whose slotted head is visible on the right side of the gun, a feature not found(so far as I know) on any other single shotgun.




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