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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
Identification of pre-WWI single barrel shotguns is complicated by the evolution of models and design, and the hundreds of tradenames associated with guns by Crescent, J. Stevens, and others.

Good examples of the difficulty in establishing ID
https://www.shotgunworld.com/bbs/viewto ... 0&start=60
and
https://www.shotgunworld.com/bbs/viewto ... 0&start=60

A list of tradenames may be found here:
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id ... GIhfguSXXQ
and by Joseph Vorisek. Please note that patent dates may also be used to ID the gunmaker.
http://www.cornellpubs.com/free-files/S ... rtrait.pdf

"Long Tom" singles
Long Tom Unknown manufacturer | Shotgun Forum (shotgunworld.com)

Particular attention should be given to:
1. The shape of the receiver; straight or sculpted.
2. The shape of the rear of the receiver; straight, curved or rebated.
3. The number and position of the pins and screws in the receiver.
4. Presence and style of take down levers, screws or pins.
5. Markings on the barrel
"CHOKE BORED" was used by Meriden and J. Stevens
"12 GA CHOKE" by Harrington & Richardson
"PROOF TESTED __ GAUGE" and "BARREL AND LUG FORGED IN ONE PIECE" by Stevens
"- __ GAUGE - CHOKE BORE - BARREL AND LUG FORGED IN ONE" by Iver Johnson
Wood Font Grave Art Cemetery


"MADE IN U.S.A." appeared after 1933

Starting about 1937 chamber length was marked
Building Automotive tire Grey Wood Font


Brown Rectangle Font Metal Wood



Barrels are commonly marked with a steel name:
1. Crescent and A.J. Aubrey used "Armory Steel"
2. J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co. No. 105, 107 & 115 singles were listed with "Electro Steel" in 1901; post-1916 No. 105 had "Compressed Forged Steel". The No. 165 singles in 1912 also had "Electro Steel".
In 1902 the No. 180 hammerless single had "Special Pyro-Electro Steel".
The No. 85 single Extra Heavy Breech "Dreadnaught" in the 1913 catalog was listed with "Compressed Forged Steel" as was the No. 330 1923 through 1930.
3. Harrington & Richardson (courtesy of David Noreen)
Model 1905 single barrel was available with "Plain Steel" or Twist
Model 1908 listed only "Steel Barrel"
Model 1915 was again "Plain Steel"
"Heavy Breech Model of 1915" listed "Special Blued Steel".
4. W.H. Davenport listing in the c. 1904 Supplee Hdw. catalog:
"Elite Heavy Target" - "Armour Steel"
"Acme Single Barrel" - "Nickel and Case Hardened Blued Steel"
"Great American Nitro Single Barrel Gun" - "Special Nitro Barrels"
5. In 1901 and after the Iver Johnson Champion single was listed with "Hammer Forged Carbon Steel".

Information regarding early .410/12mm single barrel shotguns and shells
https://www.shotgunworld.com/bbs/viewto ... 5&t=367775

Crescent Victor (and MANY tradename singles) with the flat side frame. Later Victor and New Victor singles did not have the upper firing pin retaining pin





Victor parts list from H&D Folsom Catalog No. 17 c. 1920.
Font Paper Document Paper product Newspaper



N.R. Davis and Crescent-Davis singles
https://www.shotgunworld.com/bbs/viewto ... 5&t=517318


1901 Iver Johnson Champion 'Top Snap' (Old Model) c. 1880 to 1908. There was a similar side lever opener model c. 1879 to 1897, and a semi-hammerless with locking bolt operated by a trigger guard "ring" c. 1899 to 1910.



Iver Johnson Shotgun Patents | Shotgun Forum (shotgunworld.com)

Courtesy of Bill Goforth author of Iver Johnson Arms & Cycle Works Firearms 1871-1993
Champion Model 36 -1909 to 1922
Single barrel; rebounding center mounted hammer; top lever operated break open design; gauges: 12, 16, and 20; barrel length: 28, 30, and 32 inches (features barrel and lug forged in one piece) bored full chock only; American black Walnut butt stock and fore-end; automatic extractors; weight 6 3/4 pounds; overall length with 30 inch barrel 45 inches; case hardened receiver (nickel available as option), browned barrel; automatic ejectors extra cost option; .410 bore, 24 and 28 gauges offered in 1913; 24 gauge dropped 1928; all gauges except 12 dropped after 1941; name changed to Champion Single Barrel in 1917.
Champion - 1923 to about 1978
This is the same gun as the earlier Model 36 champion except that the smaller gauges are now built on the same frame as the large gauges.
Some of these single barrel shotguns have been seen with Canadian marking; these were most likely shipped to Canada and then marked as there is no evidence that Iver Johnson’s Arms & Cycle Works ever had a manufacturing factory in Canada

Cemetery Font Grave Concrete Number


Champion SN and DOM
Serial number with no letter prefix - DOM 1909 to 1919.
Single letter SN prefix - DOM 1920 to 1929.
Two letter prefix - DOM 1930 to 1939.
All letter SN - DOM 1940 - 1950.


Iver Johnson single parts list in the H&D Folsom catalog No. 17 c. 1920

Font Art Parallel Illustration Drawing


Font Book Paper Paper product Symmetry
 

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Discussion Starter · #2 · (Edited)
J. Stevens Arms & Tool Company was in operation in Chicopee Falls, MA from January 29, 1886 until July 1, 1916, when the factory was taken over by New England Westinghouse for war production. The factory was then acquired by Savage Arms April 1, 1920 and renamed J. Stevens Arms Co., primarily producing lower priced guns under the Riverside Arms Co. and Springfield Arms Co. names, and numerous tradename guns including Eastern Arms for Sears. In the mid-1930s, advertising referred to the company simply as "Stevens".
About 1946 all of Savage/Stevens/Springfield manufacturing was moved to the Chicopee Falls location, then in September of 1961 the company moved all operations to Westfield, Massachusetts.
Collectors site
J. Stevens Arms & Tool and Steven's Collectors

Stevens Nos. 105/107 (ejector)



The "Stevens The Fully Guaranteed Single Gun" was a No. 107 with a solid raised rib

Hammer single parts list in Catalog No. 54 courtesy of David Noreen

Airship Aircraft Font Zeppelin Airplane


Stevens No. 160, 165 & 170 "Trigger Action" singles
Trigger Latch Single Break Top | Shotgun Forum (shotgunworld.com)

Stevens No. 180 Hammerless Single has a straight rear of the receiver; Nos. 105 & 107 have a sculpted frame and rebated rear of the receiver



Model No. 85 & 89 (AE) "Dreadnaught"
Dread Naught (Stevens ) | Shotgun Forum (shotgunworld.com)

Stevens No. 94 disassembly
How To Replace The Fireing Pin On Wichester - Firearms Assembly


Hopkins & Allen Manufacturing Co. was in business 1868-1898 and produced falling block single barrel shotguns. The enterprise became Hopkins & Allen Arms Co. 1898-1914 and introduced "tip-up" single barrel shotguns in 1902 after acquiring Forehand Arms; with a distinctive barrel take down lever and drop point receiver. The "New Model" single had a rounded receiver with the same take down lever.
Barrels were usually marked "Choke Bored".
https://www.amazon.com/shotguns-Hopkins ... 0967988616


W.H. Davenport Fire Arms Co. of Norwich Conn. was purchased by the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co. in 1905. Hopkins & Allen acquired the "Bay State" tradename in 1909, but it was also used by Harrington & Richardson on their Model 1915.
Davenport information at the bottom here
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id ... GIhfguSXXQ

1904 Supplee catalog Davenport listing

 

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Discussion Starter · #3 · (Edited)

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Discussion Starter · #4 · (Edited)
There are a number of gentlemen here able and willing to help, but you must do your part by accurately describing the gun and any words/marks on the action and barrels. It is imperative that you post high resolution, full size, close-up images of the action/receiver and EVERY mark.
 

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Good stuff, Drew!

I would add this about Davenport shotguns: the later, break-open singles built by the WH Davenport Arms Co. had locking bolts that traveled back in a straight line when disengaging the barrel lug, unlike many other singles of that era which used pivoting locking bolts(though the 'Old Model' or "squareback" Iver Johnson Champions also used a non-pivoting bolt). Those Davenport singles also had a screw through the fore-end iron whose slotted head is visible on the right side of the gun, a feature not found(so far as I know) on any other single shotgun.
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 · (Edited)
Forehand Arms Co. made single and double shotguns 1890 until the company was sold to Hopkins & Allen in 1901. H & A continued to produce Forehand guns until 1903.

The 1898 Sears catalog listing

Plant Newspaper Jaw Font Tree


Hammer single
Air gun Trigger Gun accessory Wood Gun barrel


Hammerless Sears 1902

Trigger Line Gun barrel Font Gun accessory


Material property Gas Wood Metal Gun accessory
 

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Discussion Starter · #9 · (Edited)
The Harrington & Richardson Model 1900 (large frame) and Model 1905 (small frame) had a removable hinge pin. The early Model 1900s had a hinge-pin which was removed from the right side of the frame; after about 1905 the "The New Patent Hinge-Pin" was removed from the left side.



The Model 1908 (large frame) and Model 1915 (small frame) were essentially the same guns, and used a "snap on" forend. (Catalog pages courtesy of David Noreen)

Introduction in September 1908 Outdoor Life

Trigger Line Gun barrel Font Gun accessory


About 1920 the Model 1908 had a flat-side frame.



The Model 1908 was chambered for 12, 16, 20, 24 & 28 gauges (both discontinued 1923). The First Variation (1909-1921) had a 2 1/2" chamber and a short forearm. The Second Variation (1922-1930) had a 2 3/4" chamber and long, slim fore-end.
The Third Variation added the .410 bore in 1925.

The small frame H & R Model 1915 was initially chambered for 24 & 28 gauge and .410 / 12mm

Line Font Gun barrel Trigger Parallel


H&R single parts list in the H&D Folsom catalog No. 17 c. 1920

Font Book Parallel Art Paper


Thread regarding the H&R .410 guns
Identifying an old H&R top break | Shotgun Forum (shotgunworld.com)

The Model 1915 became the No. 5 "Standard" Lightweight and Model 1908 the No. 8 "Standard" in 1931 and were made until 1942.

Organ Organism Font Line Material property


Harrington & Richardson History courtesy of William Goforth

Model 1900

The Harrington & Richardson Model 1900 (large frame) and 1905 (small frame) carried the May 14, 1901 patent above the take down toggle. Andrew Hanson Patent No. 674,086 was issued for the removable hinge pin.
The Model 1900s had a hinge-pin which was removed from the right side of the frame; after about 1905 the "The New Patent Hinge-Pin" was removed from the left side.
Feb. 20 1900 patent is Martin Bye Patent No. 644,040 for the ejector mechanism.
Feb. 27 1900 patent is Martin Bye Patent No. 644,402 that covers how the rebounding hammer spring is placed in the receiver. The rebounding hammer was a feature of H&R single barrel shotgun manufactured between 1901 and 1942.
H&R stopped marking patent date on the single barrel shotguns about 1921.

Model 1905 small frame 28 gauge and 44 W.C.F. and .44 X.L.
The 28 gauge was a standard catalog offering of the model 1905 (1906-1916) and model 1915 (1916-1932) small frame light weight models and the standard size frame model 1908.

Model 1908 ---1909-1942
Single Barrel, Standard Size Frame, Top Lever Break Action, Barrel Lock is Non-Self Adjustable, Three Piece Take Down (Non-Removable Hinge Pin), 12, 16, 20, 24 & 28 Gauges (the 28 gauge was dropped 1923), Barrel Length of 26, 28, 30 & 32 inches, Walnut Pistol Griped Butt-Stock and Fore-Arm, Hard Rubber Butt Plate, Frame is Case Hardened and Barrel is Browned, Available as Ejector & Non-ejector, Weight 5 3/4 to 6 3/8 Pounds. Advertised as having Steel Barrel

First Variation - 2 1/2 inch chambers, very slim and short Forearm-------1909-1921
Second Variation - 2 3/4 inch chambers, Slim Long Fore-Arm (24 & 28 Gauges dropped 1923)--------1922-1930
Third Variation - 410 Bore added in 1925--------1925-1942
Fourth Variation No. 8 Standard “STANDARD” is marked on Left side of Frame, Wider Fore-Arm----1931-1942

Model 1915 ---1916-1942
Single Barrel, Small Size Frame, Top Lever Break Action, Barrel Lock is Non-Self Adjustable, Three Piece Take Down (Non-Removable Hinge Pin),Available as Ejector & Non-ejector, 24, 28, 12mm, 14mm Gauges and 410-44, 45 Shot chambering, barrel Length 26,28, & 30 inches, Walnut Pistol Griped Butt-Stock Fore-Arm, Hard Rubber Butt Plate, Frame is Case Hardened and Barrel is Browned, Weight 4 to 4 3/4 Pounds.
The 410 Bore can be Dated by its markings,
410-44 = 1916-1921,
410-12MM = 1922-1936
410 = 1937-1941 (this is the only 410 Pre WWII chambered for the 3 inch shell

First Variation - Slim and Short Fore-Arm-------1916-1921
Second Variation - Long Forearm, Squared off Pistol Grip, 45 caliber dropped------1922-1930
Third Variation - Now Known as the Model No.5 Standard (may be marked on the frame) ------ 1931-1936
Fourth Variation - 410 is chambered for 3 inch shells--------1937-1942

H&R FOLDING MODEL-------1925-1942
Single Barrel, Standard Size Frame, Top Lever Break Action, Barrel Lock is Non-Self Adjustable, Non Take Down, 12, 16, 20 Gauges & 410-12mm Bore, Barrel Length 26 inches, Walnut Pistol Griped Butt-Stock and Forearm, Hard Rubber Butt Plate, Frame is Case Hardened and Barrel is Blue, Available as Non-ejector Only, Weight 5¾ to 6½ Pounds.
410 Bore not available in 3 inch chamber until after 1937.
After 1931 Known as No.4 FOLDING MODEL

H&R FOLDING MODEL LIGHTWEIGHT------1925-1942
Single Barrel, Small Size Frame, Top Lever Break Action, Barrel Lock is Non-Self Adjustable, Non Take Down, 28, 14mm Gauges & 410-12mm Bore, Barrel Length 22 inches, Walnut Pistol Griped Butt-Stock and Forearm, Hard Rubber Butt Plate, Frame is Case Hardened and Barrel is Blue, Available as Non-ejector Only, Weight 5¾ to 6½ Pounds.
410 Bore not available in 3 inch chamber until after 1937.
After 1931 Known as NO. 4 FOLDING LIGHTWEIGHT MODEL

Font Trigger Air gun Newspaper Gun accessory


Post-1940 Serial Numbers and DOM

Font Parallel Pattern Number Rectangle
 

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